Republica de Nicaragua, is a democratic republic and the largest nation in Central America. But, it is also the least densely populated with a demographic similar in size to its smaller neighbours.

The country is bordered on the north by Honduras and on the south by Costa Rica. Its western coastline is on the Pacific Ocean, while the east side of the country is on the Caribbean Sea.

The country’s name is derived from Nicarao, the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lago de Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large lakes Lago de Nicaragua (Cocibolca) and Lago de Managua (Xolotln), as well as lagoons and rivers in the region

Fact file

Religions:Anglican, Roman Catholicism, Mormonism

GOV.UK travel advice for Nicaragua


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